The development status and trend of cold storage industry

Update:02 Dec 2021
Summary:

According to the different uses of cold storage, my cou […]

According to the different uses of cold storage, my country's cold storage can be divided into agricultural batch cold storage, distribution cold storage, production and processing cold storage and other types of cold storage. Among them, the total amount of agricultural batch cold storage accounts for the highest proportion of my country's cold storage, reaching 40%; allocation and distribution cold storage and production and processing cold storage account for 36% and 16% respectively.

From the perspective of market demand for cold storage, my country's existing cold storage capacity is still very insufficient. The future development trend of cold storage is mainly manifested in the following aspects.
(1) Construction scale The fruit and vegetable production area should focus on the construction of air-conditioned cold storage, and the scale should be a combination of large, medium and small, with the development of medium-sized mainly. The construction of mechanical air conditioning warehouses should select the best promotion of prefabricated production and on-site assembly mode cold storage engineering industrial products. The fruit and vegetable production area is suitable for building single-layer cold storage and small and medium-sized cold storage. The promotion of air conditioning facilities such as plastic films, greenhouses, large tents, silicon windows, and small plastic film packaging as soon as possible is the focus of my country's recent development. In cities with more developed economies, develop medium-sized cold storage and establish wholesale markets for frozen food storage. Open small and medium-sized cold storage to the society, and provide paid warehouse services, information services, and operational logistics services.

(2) Cold chain logistics my country's complete and independent cold chain system has not yet been formed, and the degree of marketization is very low. Conditional freezing and cold storage enterprises can be transformed into the distribution center of chain supermarkets, forming a joint operation model of freezing and cold storage enterprises, supermarkets and chain operation enterprises . Establish a food refrigeration supply chain, so that perishable and fresh foods are purchased, processed, stored, transported, and sold from the place of origin, and all links to consumers are in a standard low-temperature environment to ensure food quality and reduce unnecessary losses , To prevent food spoilage and pollution.

(3) Refrigeration equipment The refrigeration equipment industry should focus on the development of the international market’s advanced and universal automatic units below 60HP, split or integrated and equipped with electronic technology, and apply computer and automation technology to the automatic control of the entire refrigeration system. , The purpose is to facilitate the upgrading of the freezing and refrigeration industry, extend the industrial chain, and reduce the project cost.

(4) Overall planning The cold storage industry must strengthen overall planning and coordination under the unified coordination of relevant departments, and vigorously develop the construction of the cold chain logistics system. At the same time, it is necessary to prevent blind duplication of construction to ensure the sustained, healthy and stable development of my country's refrigeration and refrigeration industry.

In short, from the current situation and development trend of cold storage, the constant temperature air storage for fruit products has developed rapidly, and the proportion of low-temperature storage has increased. Mini cold storage suitable for construction and use by farmers has suddenly emerged, assembled cold storage and decentralized using Freon as the refrigerant. The promotion of refrigeration systems is increasing, the design of cold storage is becoming more optimized, the degree of automation control is gradually increasing, and the supervision of cold storage by government management departments such as safety production and quality supervision has been greatly strengthened.