Main components of refrigeration system

Update:03 Jan 2020
Summary:

The refrigeration system consists of refrigerant and fo […]

The refrigeration system consists of refrigerant and four parts, namely compressor, condenser, expansion valve and evaporator.

Compressor
The compressor is the power of the refrigeration cycle, which is driven by the motor and rotates continuously. It not only draws out the steam in the evaporator in time to maintain the low temperature and low pressure, but also improves the pressure and temperature of the refrigerant steam through the compression function, creating the conditions to transfer the heat of the refrigerant steam to the external environment medium. That is to say, the low temperature and low pressure refrigerant vapor is compressed to the high temperature and high pressure state, so that the normal temperature air or water can be used as the cooling medium to condense the refrigerant vapor.
condenser
The condenser is a heat exchange equipment, which uses the environment cooling medium (air or water) to take away the heat of the high temperature and high pressure refrigeration vapor from the compressor, so that the high temperature and high pressure refrigerant vapor can be cooled and condensed into the high pressure and normal temperature refrigerant liquid. It is worth mentioning that in the process of changing refrigerant vapor into refrigerant liquid, the pressure of condenser is constant and still high pressure.
Throttling element
The refrigerant liquid with high pressure and normal temperature can not be directly sent to the low-temperature evaporator. According to the corresponding principle of saturation pressure and saturation temperature, the pressure of the refrigerant liquid can be reduced, so as to reduce the temperature of the refrigerant liquid. The refrigerant liquid with high pressure and normal temperature is passed through the pressure reducing device - throttling element to obtain low temperature and low pressure refrigerant, which is then sent into the evaporator for heat absorption and evaporation. In daily life, capillary is often used as throttling element in refrigerators and air conditioners.

evaporator
The evaporator is also a heat exchange device. After throttling, the low-temperature and low-pressure refrigerant liquid evaporates (boils) into vapor, absorbs the heat of the cooled substance, reduces the temperature of the substance, and achieves the purpose of freezing and refrigerating food. In the air conditioner, cool the surrounding air to cool and dehumidify the air. The lower the evaporation temperature of the refrigerant in the evaporator, the lower the temperature of the cooled substance. In the refrigerator, the evaporation temperature of the general refrigerant is adjusted at -26 C ~-20 C, and is adjusted to 5 C ~8 C in the air conditioner.